Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.84, No.2, 229-243, 2002
Structure-property relationships of poly(urethane urea)s with ultra-low monol content poly(propylene glycol) soft segments. I. Influence of soft segment molecular weight and hard segment content
Structure-property relationships in poly(urethane urea)s synthesized with ultra-low monol content poly(propylene glycol) soft segments were investigated as soft segment molecular weight (2000, 4000, and 8000 g/mol) and hard segment content (6.3 and 9.0 wt %) were varied. Morphological features such as interdomain spacing and interphase thickness were quantified and revealed with small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The thermal and mechanical behavior was assessed with a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA) and by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and stress-strain tests. Hard segment content, over the limited range studied, had little effect on the morphology and soft segment thermal and mechanical properties. The molecular weight of the soft segments had considerably more influence on the morphology and mechanical properties. Increasing soft segment molecular weight resulted in greater interdomain spacings, as shown by SAXS, and a noticeable change in the structure, as shown by AFM. Additionally, as soft segment molecular weight decreased the soft segment glass transition broadened and rose to higher temperatures.