Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol.107, No.23, 10102-10111, 1997
Phase diagrams of scalemic mixtures: A Monte Carlo simulation study
In this paper, a simplified model was used to describe the interactions between the enantiomers in a scalemic mixture. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to determine several thermodynamic properties as a function of temperature and mole fraction of solid, liquid, and gas phase. Phase diagrams were constructed using a macroscopic thermodynamic program, PROPHASE. The model consists of spherical D and L molecules interacting via modified Lennard-Jones potentials (sigma(DD) = sigma(LL), epsilon(DD) = epsilon(LL), epsilon(DL) = e epsilon(DD), and sigma(DL) = s sigma(DD). The two heterochiral interaction parameters, e and s, were found to be sufficient to produce all types of phase diagrams that have been found for these systems experimentally. Conglomerates were found when the heterochiral interaction strength was smaller than the homochiral value, e<1. A different heterochiral interaction distance, s not equal 1, led to racemic compounds, with an ordered distribution of D and L molecules. The CsCl-structured compound was found to be stable for short DL interactions, s<1 (e=1), with an enantiotropic transition to a solid solution for s=0.96. Longer heterochiral distances, s>1, result in the formation of layered fcc compounds. The liquid regions in the phase diagram become larger for s not equal 1, caused by a strong decrease of the melting point for s<1 and s>1, in combination with only a small effect on the boiling point for s<1, and even an increase of the boiling point for s>1. Segregation into two different solid solutions, one with low more fraction and the other one close to x=0.25, was obtained for these mixtures as well. (C) 1997 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-9606(97)52447-0].