Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.231, No.2, 238-246, 2000
Stokesian dynamics simulations of ferromagnetic colloidal dispersions subjected to a sinusoidal shear flow
We have conducted Stokesian dynamics simulations to investigate the dynamic properties of ferromagnetic colloidal dispersions subjected to a sinusoidal shear flow. Thick chain-like cluster formation is significantly influenced by an oscillatory shear flow even if the amplitude is relatively small, since the internal structures of thick chain-like clusters are highly sensitive to the change in the direction of the shear flow. The motion of thick chain-like clusters is out of phase to a sinusoidal shear rate, and the phase difference is strongly correlated with that of the viscosity and normal stress coefficients. The viscoelastic properties become more apparent with decreasing frequency of the oscillatory shear flow, since such properties have a strong relationship with the thick chain-like cluster formation. In other words, since thick chain-like clusters are more stable for the case of a smaller frequency shear how such stable clusters induce significant viscoelastic properties of ferromagnetic colloidal dispersions in a strong, applied magnetic field.