Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.77, No.1, 11-21, 1999
Gas holdup in homogeneous and heterogeneous gas-liquid bubble column reactors
The velocity-holdup relationship is the most important design parameter for gas-liquid bubble column reactors, providing the basis for the prediction of heat and mass transfer coefficients and information on hydrodynamic conditions. A summary of the literature on gas holdup in bubble columns is supplemented by new experimental results which extend the data range. A criterion for the gas velocity leading to the transition between homogeneous and heterogeneous regimes for perforated plate gas distributors has been developed. Correlations for gas holdup in both regimes are developed and verified against both new and existing data.