화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.123, No.44, 10919-10926, 2001
Synthesis of an extremely crowded naphthalene via a stable norbornadienone
Computational studies at the HF/3-21G and B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels suggest that 5,6,8-tri(tert-butyl)-1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene (2) is perhaps the most crowded naphthalene derivative that will show normal stability; more highly congested naphthalenes will prefer to exist as the corresponding Dewar isomers. Initial attempts to prepare 2 by reacting 3,4,5,6-tetraphenylbenzyne with 2,3,5-tri(tert-butyl)cyclopentadienone at 83 degreesC gave instead a stable norbomadienone, 1,2,4-tri(tert-butyl)-5,6,7,8-tetraphenyl-9-oxo-1,4-dihydro-1,4-methanonaphthalene (3),which was characterized by X-ray crystallography. The experimental and calculated (HF/3-21G) activation energies (E-a) for the decarbonylation of 3 were quite high: 39 and 46 kcal/mol, respectively, a manifestation of the substantially increased strain in the transition state as the tert-butyl groups are forced together. The naphthalene 2 was obtained in good yield by heating 3 in refluxing toluene, and its X-ray structure showed exceptional distortions from a normal naphthalene geometry. However, 2 is not completely stable, and it decomposes upon prolonged heating in xylenes.