Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.147, No.1, 21-24, 2000
A new class of electrochemically and thermally stable lithium salts for lithium battery electrolytes V. Synthesis and properties of lithium bis[2,3-pyridinediolato(2-)-O,O ']borate
Synthesis, analysis, and purification of lithium bis[2,3-pyridinediolato(2-)-O,O']borate (LBPB), is described. LBPB is the first lithium spiroborate known with a heterocycle, where the nitrogen works as an electron withdrawing atom. The anodic oxidation limit of this salt as determined from cyclic voltammetric measurements is 3.95 V vs. Li/Li+ and it is increased by about 0.35 V when compared with lithium bis[1,2-benzenediolato (2-)-O,O']borate. The gas phase energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital of the anion as obtained by the use of a semiempirical quantum mechanical method is -5.1 eV. No corrosion of aluminum is observed with this salt, which shows good protecting properties for the lithium electrode; therefore, this electrolyte may be suitable as an additive.