Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol.113, No.5, 1866-1869, 2000
Experimental and theoretical studies on different ionic states of ethylthio CH3CH2S radical
A continuous flowing ethylthio CH3CH2S radical is produced in situ by pyrolysis of CH3CH2SSCH2CH3 at 242(+/- 0.5) degrees C in a double heater inlet system on a double chamber UPS machine-II which was built specifically to detect transient species. By combining HeI photoelectron spectroscopic (PES) measurement with ab initio GAUSSIAN2 (G2) calculations on different ionic states of the CH3CH2S radical, we have concluded that the CH3CH2S radical has C-s symmetry and the ground state of the CH3CH2S+ cation is the (3)A" state which comes from removal of an electron of the SHOMO 13a' orbital for the CH3CH2S radical. The PES peak at the lowest ionization energy 9.08 eV with vibrational structure 700 +/- 60 cm(-1) and corresponding with the G2 computed ionization energy 9.123 eV is designated to the (3)A" ionic state. The removal of an electron of the HOMO 4a" for the CH3CH2S radical leads to a very sharp peak at 10.31 eV, corresponding to ionization CH3CH2S+ ((1)A')<-- CH3CH2S(X (2)A") and the G2 computed ionization energy 10.322 eV. The (1)A" ionic state caused by removal of the electron of the SHOMO 13a' corresponds to the PES peak at 10.50 eV and the G2 computed ionization energy 10.448 eV. The assignment of the PES bands of the CH3CH2S radical in the high ionization energy region (> 12.00 eV) is also supported by the G2 calculation. Both PES experiment and G2 calculations provide an evidence of existence of different ionic states for the CH3CH2S radical for the first time.