Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.78, No.1, 12-20, 2000
The effect of surface properties on CaSO4 scale formation during convective heat transfer and subcooled flow boiling
In this paper the effects of surface energy and surface roughness on the deposition of calcium sulphate during convective and subcooled flow boiling heat transfer to aqueous CaSO4 solutions are studied. The surfaces of several test heaters have been treated by ion Beam Implantation, Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering, Mixed Sputtering and Plasma Are Deposition to reduce surface energy. One heater was electropolished to reduce surface roughness and one heater was etched by an electrochemical method to increase surface roughness. Fouling runs with these heaters, and with an untreated surface as control, were carried out at different heat fluxes, flow velocities and salt concentrations. The results show that heat transfer surfaces with low surface energy experienced significantly reduced fouling, while electropolishing did not have a notable beneficial effect. The combined effect of reduced surface energy and flow velocity on fouling reduction is considerably stronger than previously reported for pool boiling.