Polymer, Vol.42, No.13, 5669-5678, 2001
Polyamides from lactams by centrifugal molding via anionic ring-opening polymerization
This paper deals with a study of some properties of the polymers obtained by centrifugal molding via activated anionic ring-opening polymerization of epsilon -caprolactam and copolymerization of epsilon -caprolactam with laurolactam. Ethyl magnesium bromide, as initiator and N-benzoyl epsilon -caprolactam and N,N'-isophrhaloyl-bis-epsilon -caprolactam, as activators were used. The initial mold temperature (initial polymerization temperature) was kept constant at 160 degreesC. Our experimental data demonstrated that the degree of crystallinity depends on the activator type and concentration. The incorporation of laurolactam into nylon 6 chain depresses both in the degree of crystallinity and the melting temperature of nylon 6/12 copolymers. The notched Izod impact strength of the copolymers increased as the laurolactam content was increased, while the flexural modulus and the water absorption decreased.