Polymer, Vol.42, No.13, 5543-5547, 2001
Crystal transitions of Nylon 11 under drawing and annealing
The crystal transitions of Nylon 11 annealed and drawn at different temperatures (T-d) with different drawing ratios (n) were investigated by wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The alpha -form of Nylon Il could be transformed from the delta'-form by annealing at high temperature, The results showed that the crystal transitions of Nylon 11 strongly depended on the thermal history and the conditions of drawing. The delta'-form Nylon Il could he gradually transformed into the alpha -form when it was drawn at high temperature and the alpha -form was only partly transformed into the delta'-form when it was drawn at low temperature. This should be due to the effect of the competition between thermal inducement and drawing inducement. The thermal inducement was favorable to producing the alpha -form, while the drawing inducement was favorable to producing the delta'-form.