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Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol.67, No.1-4, 1-9, 2001
Large-area CIGS absorbers prepared by physical vapor deposition
An in-line process for deposition of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 (CIGS) films on 10 x 10 cm(2) substrates has been developed in order to fabricate high-efficiency CIGS modules. At the first step, CIGS solar cells with a small area were fabricated by the in-line evaporation. The cells on different positions in 10 x 10 cm(2) area showed almost the same efficiency of over 14%. Twelve cells on a substrate of 5 x 10 cm(2) size showed an average efficiency of about 13%. Device-quality CIGS films can be prepared by the in-line evaporation. Furthermore, interconnected CIGS submodules were fabricated on 10 x 10 cm(2) size substrates. The CIGS submodule has achieved an efficiency of 10.5%. The segmental cells in the submodule showed an average open-circuit voltage higher than 0.6 V, comparable to that of a high-efficiency cell with a laboratory size. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Cu(In;Ga)Se-2;thin film;in-line evaporation