Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.60, No.5, 608-616, 1998
Site-directed and random immobilization of subtilisin on functionalized membranes : Activity determination in aqueous and organic media
Kinetic comparisons have been made between a randomly immobilized and a site-specifically immobilized subtilisin BPN＇ on microfiltration membranes of varying hydrophilicities in both aqueous and organic media. Site-directed mutagenesis was employed to introduce a single cysteine into the amino acid sequence of subtilisin at a location away from the active site. Immobilization of this mutant enzyme was then carried out using the single cysteine residue to orient the active site of the enzyme away from the membrane surface. Kinetic comparison of the immobilized mutant enzyme with the randomly immobilized wild-type enzyme in aqueous media showed an activity enhancement on both hydrophilic silica-containing and hydrophobic poly(ether)sulfone membranes. Higher loading efficiencies were observed for the site-directed enzyme on immobilization. Optimal enzyme loading values were calculated for the randomly immobilized enzyme. An enhancement of activity was also observed for the site-directed immobilized systems using nearly anhydrous hexane as the solvent. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.