Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.80, No.7, 989-994, 2001
Studies on fibers spun from poly(vinyl alcohol-b-acrylonitrile) emulsions prepared by ultrasonic technique. II. Properties of the fibers
The moisture content of poly(vinyl alcohol-b-acrylonitrile) fibers decreases with an increasing hydrophobic AN content and crystallinity of the fibers; however, the copolymer fiber with 26.94% AN, drawn x 5, and heat-treated at 200 degreesC has a moisture content value slightly lower than that of commercial PVA fiber, but much higher than that of commercial PAN fiber. The block copolymer fibers have a water-retention value higher than that of commercial PVA fiber, owing to the presence of voids in these fibers, and have a stronger wicking ability than that of commercial PVA, PAN fibers, and wool and cotton mainly due to the grooved surface and bulk porous morphology of the fibers. The tensile strength of the copolymer fibers with an appropriate AN content are lower than that of commercial PVA fiber, but higher than that of commercial PAN fiber and much higher than that of wool and cotton. The melting temperatures of the copolymer fibers increase with increasing heat-treatment temperature. The copolymer fibers possess a lower peak cyclizing temperature than that of the PAN fiber and have a higher thermal stability than that of both PVA and PAN fibers.