Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.80, No.7, 979-988, 2001
Studies on fibers spun from poly(vinyl alcohol-b-acrylonitrile) emulsions prepared by ultrasonic technique. I. Characterization of fiber structure
The structural characteristics of poly(vinyl alcohol-b-acrylonitrile) fibers with different AN contents were studied by comparison with that of PVA and PAN fibers. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that both PVA and PAN blocks in the copolymer fibers formed crystals. Two glass transition temperatures corresponding to PVA and PAN components appeared on the dynamic mechanical spectrum of the copolymer fiber, indicative of their incompatibility in the fiber. SEM intuitively exhibited a longitudinal cracked and grooved surface morphology similar to that of PAN fiber and revealed an internal microdomain separation morphology for the block copolymer fibers. TEM showed a morphological structure intermediate between those of PVA and PAN fibers for the block copolymer fibers. It was also found that the copolymer fiber with the lower AN content has a sheath-core structure.