Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.47, No.6, 688-695, 1995
Use of Comparative Reasoning Tools for Evaluation of the Effect of Sterilization Conditions on Fermentations to Produce Acidic Fibroblast Growth-Factor
The effects of various medium sterilization conditions on fermentations of a recombinant, acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) producing Escherichia coli have been studied. Changes in the medium resulting from sterilization were monitored by pH and absorption spectra. This simple experiment provided excellent data for the demonstration of the usefulness of comparative reasoning tools in order to evaluate the effect of sterilization on fermentation performance. The time profiles of the main parameters (e.g., carbon dioxide evolution rate, dissolved oxygen, pH, and aFGF productivity) were simplified into piecewise contiguous linear segments, each of which was sequentially numbered. The length, position, and slope of each line were then characterized. Application of the comparative reasoning tools confirmed that separate sterilization of the glucose was necessary for the success of the process, despite adding to the cost and complexity. The comparative data analysis also showed that scaleup with longer sterilization holding and cooling times would not be detrimental to aFGF production.