Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.44, No.6, 682-689, 1994
Solid-State Enzyme Deactivation in Air and in Organic-Solvents
Thermal deactivation of solid-state acid phosphatase (E.C. 22.214.171.124, from potato) is analyzed, both in the presence and in the absence of organic solvents. The thermal deactivation profile departs from first order kinetics and shows an unusual, temperature-dependent, asymptotic value of residual activity. The process is described by a phenomenological equation, whose theoretical implications are also discussed. The total amount of buffer salts in the enzyme powder dramatically affects enzyme stability in the range 70 degrees to 105 degrees C. The higher salt/protein ratio increases the rate of thermal deactivation. The deactivation rate is virtually unaffected by the presence of organic solvents, independent of their hydrophilicity.