Separation Science and Technology, Vol.34, No.15, 3099-3112, 1999
Amine-based extraction recovery of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions in the presence of EDTA. Equilibrium studies
The distribution ratios of Cu(II) between kerosene solutions of Aliquat 336 and water containing EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) are measured. Experiments were performed as a function of the pH, the concentration of Cu(II), the concentration ratio of EDTA to Cu(II), and the concentration of amine. It is shown that the distribution ratios first increase with pH and then decrease with a further increase in pH up to 7.0. The effect of temperature on the extraction was studied, and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was determined. Finally, the nonideal behavior of the organic phase is discussed.