Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.52, No.1, 41-48, 1999
Fungal biosolubilization of Rhenish brown coal monitored by Curie-point pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using tetraethylammonium hydroxide
Residues and coal fractions that remained after the biosolubilization of Rhenish brown coal by strains of Lentinula edodes and Trametes versicolor have been studied by Curie-point pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using tetraethylammonium hydroxide (NEt4OH) at 610 degrees C. To differentiate methyl derivatives of esters and ethers from free or bound hydroxyl and carboxyl groups NEt4OH was used in the thermochemolysis experiments instead the commonly used tetramethylammonium hydroxide. A comparison of humic acid fractions before and after fungal attack shows considerable alteration of the soluble macromolecules of coal. Depending on the coal fraction studied and the fungi used, the assortment of fatty acid esters released during the pyrolysis varies significantly. Furthermore, dicarbonic acid ethyl diesters as well as ethyl derivatives of aromatic ethers and acids yield information about humic acid structure and the biosolubilization of brown coal. Variations in the mixture produced are possibly caused by differences in the pattern of extracellular enzymes secreted that attack the macromolecular structural elements of brown coal. Therefore pyrolysis of native and microbiologically altered geo-macromolecules using NEt4OH allows one to differentiate between free hydroxyl groups as well as substances that are attached to humic substances via ester or ether bridges, and their methylated counterparts.
Keywords:LOW-RANK-COAL;THERMALLY ASSISTED HYDROLYSIS;NEMATOLOMA-FROWARDII B19;TETRAMETHYLAMMONIUM HYDROXIDE;HUMIC SUBSTANCES;ENZYME-SYSTEMS;COALIFICATION PROCESS;MANGANESE PEROXIDASE;ACIDS;DEPOLYMERIZATION