Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol.40, No.6, 1414-1428, 2000
Blends of a bottle grade polyethylene terephthalate copolymer and a liquid crystalline polymer. Part I: Injection molding morphology and rheological properties
Blends of a bottle grade polyethylene terephthalate copolymer (PET) with a Liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) were prepared by injection molding. The thermal transitions, the morphology and the rheological properties of the pure components and of the blends were measured by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and capillary and parallel plates rheometry, respectively. The blends displayed only one T-g; the B60 and B80 compositions showed the highest LCP beta-transition, which has been correlated to good barrier properties. In all the blends a "skin-core" type morphology was observed; the core region had two phases while the skin region showed only one fibrillar phase. The viscosity measurements gave an indication that the interface was strong, probably due to transterifications reactions that occurred during the tests. On creep recovery, the increasing addition of the LCP to the PET increased the blends elastic recovery. On stress growth, the highest stress overshoot was displayed by the pure LCP; this polymer actually presented two overshoots that were also observed in some of the blends at high shear rates.