Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol.36, No.14, 1928-1940, 1996
Influence of Melt Stability on the Crystallization of bis(4-Aminophenoxy)Benzene-Oxydiphthalic Anhydride Based Polyimides
Novel high performance semicrystalline polyimides, based on controlled molecular weight phthalic anhydride (PA) endcapped 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene (TPEQ diamine) and oxydiphthalic dianhydride (ODPA), were synthesized. They exhibited excellent thermal stability in nitrogen and air atmospheres as determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The glass transition temperatures (T-g) for these polymers ranged from 225 degrees C for the 10,000 M(n) (10K) polymer, to 238 degrees C for the 30,000 (30K) M(n) material. The observed melting temperatures for all the polymers were similar to 420 degrees C. The crystallization behavior of these polymers showed a strong molecular weight dependence, as illustrated by the observation that the 10K and 12.5K polymers crystallized with relative ease, whereas the 15K, 20K, and 30K polymers showed little or no ability to undergo thermal recrystallization. The thermal stability of these polymers above T-m was investigated by studying the effect of time and temperature in the melt on the cold crystallization and melting of these polymers. Increased time and temperature in the melt resulted in lower crystallinity because of melt state degradation, such as crosslinking and branching, as evidenced by an increase in melt viscosity, which was more prominent for the higher molecular weight polymers.