Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.42, No.4, 569-574, 1994
Fermentation Conditions for Efficient Production of Thermophilic Protease in Escherichia-Coli Harboring a Plasmid
Escherichia coli TG1, transformed with an expression plasmid pAQN carrying the aqualysin I (AQI) gene derived from Thermus aquaticus YT-1 under the control of the tac promoter, was cultivated under various conditions in order to find fermentation conditions for the efficient production of the thermophilic protease, AQI. The amount of AQI produced was closely related to the growth phase at the time of isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) induction, and the highest production was obtained when it was added during the exponential growth phase. The addition of yeast extract had a greater effect on AQI production than did Polypeptone or casamino acids, and AQI productivity increased from 1.1x10(3) kU/g to 2.7 x 10(3) kU/g cells when 2 g/l yeast extract was supplied. Furthermore, the specific growth rate improved from 0.35 h(-1) to 0.89 h(-1) when 5 g/l yeast extract was supplied. The culture temperature also affected AQI gene expression. When the temperature was shifted from 37 degrees C to 34 degrees C at the time of IPTG induction, 19 kU/ml enzymatically active AQI was obtained, corresponding to a 28% increase over the amount produced in a batch culture without a shift. This is about a 44-fold higher yield than was obtained from the original strain, T. aquaticus YT-1.