Macromolecules, Vol.31, No.9, 2716-2723, 1998
Silicon-based interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) : Synthesis and properties
Both "condensation" and "hydrosilylation" reactions have been successfully applied for the synthesis of silicon-based interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) consisting of a stable Si-O and Si-C linkage. We adopted a ladder silsesquioxane oligomer (LDS 1; commercial name, Glass Resin GR100) and a polycarbosilane (PCS) by hydrosilylation polymerization of bifunctional Si-H and Si-vinyl monomers as the two components for the IPN. The combined LDS/PCS curing system was studied to try to obtain homogeneously cured material, which may lead to IPN formation, by using both reactions selectively in one pot for chain-extending and cross-linking of both components, respectively. We synthesized the cured LDS/PCS; LDS/PCS = 8/2, 5/5, and 2/8 [wt/wt]. Tuning the rates of the two reactions to each other was important for obtaining a transparent cured product. The morphology of the cured LDS/PCS (8/2) was examined by TEM and AFM. TEM analysis showed a good miscibility with an nm level of LDS/PCS (8/2). The thermal and mechanical properties of the LDS/PCS (8/2)cured sample were better than the calculated values from each component＇s value. The experimental data imply the IPN structure of the cured LDS/PCS.