Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol.120, 487-494, April, 2023
Interaction and micellar behavior of ternary mixture of amphoteric amino sulfonate surfactant with traditional anionic and nonionic surfactants: Effect of hydrophilicity
The micellization and the molecular interaction behaviors for two ternary mixtures constituted by an amphoteric sodium 3-(n-dodecyl ethylenediamino)-2-hydroxypropyl sulfonate (C12AS), an anionic sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS) and a nonionic octylphenol polyoxyethylated ether with the number (n) of oxyethylene glycol ethers OP-n (n = 10 or 7) in aqueous solution were investigated using the tensiometry and the effect of hydrophilicity on them was also discussed. In the framework of pseudophase separation model and based on the regular solution theory, the related micellization parameters including the mixed critical micelle concentration (cmc) values in the ideal and real cases, the activity coefficients and the compositions in mixed micelle, etc. and thermodynamic parameters were estimated by the Clint’s model and the Rubingh’ model. The mixed cmc value is dependent on the composition in aqueous solution and influenced by the hydrophilicity of nonionic surfactant. With increasing the nonionic in ternary mixture, the mixed cmc value is initially decreased and then slightly rise. An increasing in the hydrophilicity of nonionic will make the minimum value of mixed cmc be increased from 1.299 mM to 1.705 mM. The resulting phenomena can be explained reasonably by the electrostatic effect, the steric hindrance, the hydrogen bonding, etc. Thermodynamic data indicate that the contribution of entropy or enthalpy plays a vital role on the spontaneous process of micellization and the share of entropy or enthalpy in free energy change is dependent largely on the amount of nonionic surfactant and the hydrophilicity. In ternary mixtures of C12AS/SDBS/OP-10, an increase in an amount of OP-10 will induce the change from the enthalpy-driven micellization process to the entropically favorable process. Once an abundant amount of OP-7 is added, while, the enthalpy will make a main contribution on the micellization process, which can be described by the drop in the share of entropy at the composition (0.6970/0.0000/0.3030) of ternary mixture from 0.6478 to 0.4901. These findings will help with understanding the molecular interaction behavior for the ternary surfactant mixture and the effect of the addition of nonionic surfactant and its hydrophilicity.