화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.34, No.1, 69-74, February, 2023
발수 성분을 포함하는 프로필렌글리콜(PG) 기반 고속철도차량용 제⋅방빙액의 특성
Properties of De/Anti-icing Fluid for High Speed Railway Rolling Stock Based on Propylene-glycol Containing Water Repellent Agent
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초록
화학적 제빙 방법으로 프로필렌글리콜 제빙액은 동절기 고속철도차량 하부 및 대차부에 부착되는 설빙으로 인한 결 빙을 녹이는데 적용가능하다. 프로필렌글리콜 제빙액을 운행 전 고속철도차량에 철도차량 하부 및 대차부에 미리 살 포하여 눈의 부착을 최소화하면 해빙 효율을 더 높일 수 있다. 고속철도의 경우 프로필렌글리콜 제빙액을 살포하여도 고속으로 운행 시 대차 표면에서 제빙액은 거의 소실되기 때문에 눈의 부착으로 인한 결빙에 대한 방빙성능은 떨어진 다. 본 연구에서는 동절기 고속철도차량 하부 및 대차부에 부착되는 설빙으로 인한 결빙을 방지하기 위해 표면의 결 빙을 방지하는 발수 성분을 포함하는 프로필렌글리콜 제·방빙액의 특성을 연구하였다. 발수제의 종류에 따른 점도, 융빙성능, 접촉각 및 방빙성능에 대한 비교 평가를 실시하여 고속철도차량 제ㆍ방빙액으로 최적의 물질을 찾고자 하 였다. 평가 결과 에톡시실란 타입의 발수제 성분을 포함하는 제⋅방빙액이 가장 적합한 것으로 확인하였다.
As a chemical de-icing method, propylene glycol de-icing fluid is applicable for melting ice caused by snow and ice adhering to the lower part of high-speed rail rolling stock and bogie parts in winter. By spraying propylene-glycol de-icing fluid on high-speed rail rolling stock and bogie parts in advance to minimize snow adhesion, ice-melting efficiency can be further improved. In the case of high-speed rail rolling stock, even if propylene-glycol de-icing fluid is sprayed, the anti-icing performance is poor because the fluid is almost lost on the surface of the vehicle when operating at high speed. In this study, in order to prevent freezing caused by snow and ice adhering to the lower part of high-speed rail rolling stock and bogie parts, we have investigated the properties of propylene-glycol de/anti-icing fluid containing water-repellent agents that prevent surface freezing. We tried to find the optimal component for de/anti-icing fluid for high-speed rail rolling stock by evaluating the ice melting performance, contact angle, and anti-icing performance according to the types of water-repellent agent. As a result of the evaluation, it was confirmed that an de/anti-icing fluid containing an ethoxysilane-type water repellent agent was most suitable.
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