Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol.114, 276-287, October, 2022
Camphene-derived hollow and porous nanofibers decorated with hollow NiO nanospheres and graphitic carbon as anodes for efficient lithium-ion storage
A synthesis strategy for hollow and porous nanofibers comprising hollow NiO (H-NiO) nanospheres formed via nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion and supported over a porous graphitic carbon matrix (HNiO@ HNFs) is reported herein to enable the fabrication of advanced anodes for stable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The H-NiO@HNFs comprising 1D longitudinal hollow channels ensured efficient diffusion of charged species via effective electrolyte percolation besides providing sufficient space to accommodate the large volume variations during repeated cycling. The hollow NiO nanospheres acted as chemical sites for lithiation and delithiation. Additionally, the H-NiO@HNFs exhibited improved lithium-ion storage properties, such as reasonable rate capability, stable prolonged cyclability at a high current density (1.0 A g-1), and a high lithium-ion diffusion coefficient, primarily owing to their enhanced structural integrity compared to that of filled NiO nanofibers (F-NiO NFs). This facile synthesis approach could broaden the current understanding of 1D hollow nanostructures decorated with conventional hollow metal-oxide nanoparticles for various applications.