Biotechnology Letters, Vol.43, No.5, 1089-1102, 2021
Identification of the PP2C gene family in paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera) and its roles in the regulation mechanism of the response to cold stress
Objectives To study the possible roles of type-2C protein phosphatases (PP2Cs) which have been confirmed to play roles in the response to diverse abiotic stresses in paper mulberry, we launched a series of genomic and functional studies of BpPP2Cs. Results Sixty-three PP2C proteins in paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera) were classified into 13 clades. Four BpPP2Cs with kinase domains were verified to be highly conserved in organisms ranging from algae to dicots. Seven pairs of BpPP2C genes were found to be expanding, and 18 BpPP2C genes had orthologues in Arabidopsis. BpPP2Cs showed broad expression in different tissues; the expression levels of 18 BpPP2Cs were changed and the phosphorylation levels of seven BpPP2C proteins increased at low temperature. Cold-response elements were found in the promoter region of 31 BpPP2Cs. Finally, Bp01g0320 was found to act as a hub protein and Bp01g0512 and Bp09g1278 played key roles in the ABA-signaling pathway and MAPK cascades, respectively. Conclusion These results suggest that the PP2C gene family of paper mulberry is evolutionarily conserved and participates the regulation of the response to cold stress, which will play a vital role in further research on phosphatases in paper mulberry.