Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.6, 2455-2472, 2021
Response characteristics of the membrane integrity and physiological activities of the mutant strain Y217 under exogenous butanol stress
Butanol inhibits bacterial activity by destroying the cell membrane of Clostridium acetobutylicum strains and altering functionality. Butanol toxicity also results in destruction of the phosphoenolpyruvate-carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS), thereby preventing glucose transport and phosphorylation and inhibiting transmembrane transport and assimilation of sugars, amino acids, and other nutrients. In this study, based on the addition of exogenous butanol, the tangible macro indicators of changes in the carbon ion beam irradiation-mutant Y217 morphology were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mutant has lower microbial adhesion to hydrocarbon (MATH) value than C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824 strain. FDA fluorescence intensity and conductivity studies demonstrated the intrinsically low membrane permeability of the mutant membrane, with membrane potential remaining relatively stable. Monounsaturated FAs (MUFAs) accounted for 35.17% of the mutant membrane, and the saturated fatty acids (SFA)/unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) ratio in the mutant cell membrane was 1.65. In addition, we conducted DNA-level analysis of the mutant strain Y217. Expectedly, through screening, we found gene mutant sites encoding membrane-related functions in the mutant, including ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter-related genes, predicted membrane proteins, and the PTS transport system. It is noteworthy that an unreported predicted membrane protein (CAC 3309) may be related to changes in mutant cell membrane properties.