Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.9, 3691-3704, 2021
Effects of CcpA against salt stress in Lactiplantibacillus plantarum as assessed by comparative transcriptional analysis
Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is frequently exposed to salt stress during industrial applications. Catabolite control protein (CcpA) controls the transcription of many genes, but its role in the response to salt stress remains unclear. In this study, we used transcriptome analyses to investigate differences in the logarithmic growth phases of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum ST-III and its ccpA-knockout mutant when grown with or without salt and glycine betaine (GB). The deletion of ccpA significantly affected bacterial growth under different conditions. Among the comparisons, the highest proportion of differentially expressed genes (64%) was observed in the comparison between the wild-type and ccpA mutant grown with NaCl, whereas the lowest proportion (6%) was observed in the comparison between the ccpA mutant strain cultures grown with NaCl alone or with GB together. Transcriptomic analyses showed that CcpA could regulate GB uptake, activate iron uptake, produce acetyl-CoA, and affect fatty acid composition to maintain membrane lipid homeostasis in the adaptation of high-salinity conditions. Conclusively, these results demonstrate the importance of CcpA as a master regulator of these processes in response to salt stress, and provide new insights into the complex regulatory network of lactic acid bacteria.