Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.11, 4751-4759, 2021
Application of an AlphaLISA method for rapid sensitive detection of African swine fever virus in porcine serum
Infection with African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes an acute and highly lethal hemorrhagic disease that has been responsible for huge economic losses in China. To exactly detect the antigen of ASFV, we established a rapid, no-wash, one-step sandwich-type immunoassay based on the amplified luminescent proximity homogenous assay-linked immunosorbent assay (AlphaLISA) using two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) M-5 and M-6 against ASFV p72. ASFV p72 in samples was captured by biotinylated mAb M-5 connected to the donor bead surface via streptavidin and "sandwiched" by mAb M-6 which was coated onto the acceptor bead. Efficacy and sensitivity trials revealed that the AlphaLISA could detect >= 0.78 ng/ml of purified p72 and with a linear range of 0.78-100 ng/ml. The AlphaLISA was specific for ASFV and did not cross-react with other common pathogenic porcine viruses. Compared with RealPCR ASFV DNA test and ASFV antigen detection kit, the sensitivity of the AlphaLISA evaluated in 60 porcine serum samples was 93% and 100%, respectively. The specificity was 100% and 91.7%, respectively. This study presents a good laboratory diagnostic tool for sensitive and efficient detection of ASFV in porcine serum.