Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.11, 4675-4691, 2021
G protein gamma subunit modulates expression of plant-biomass-degrading enzyme genes and mycelial-development-related genes in Penicillium oxalicum
Heterotrimeric-G-protein-mediated signaling pathways modulate the expression of the essential genes in many fundamental cellular processes in fungi at the transcription level. However, these processes remain unclear in Penicillium oxalicum. In this study, we generated knockout and knockout-complemented strains of gng-1 (POX07071) encoding the G gamma protein and found that GNG-1 modulated the expression of genes encoding plant-biomass-degrading enzymes (PBDEs) and sporulation-related activators. Interestingly, GNG-1 affected expression of the cxrB that encodes a known transcription factor required for the expression of major cellulase and xylanase genes. Constitutive overexpression of cxrB in increment gng-1 circumvented the dependence of PBDE production on GNG-1. Further evidence indicated that CxrB indirectly regulated the transcription levels of key amylase genes by controlling the expression of the regulatory gene amyR. These data extended the diversity of G gamma protein functions and provided new insight into the signal transduction and regulation of PBDE gene expression in filamentous fungi.