Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.12, 4975-4986, 2021
Antibacterial polyene-polyol macrolides and cyclic peptides from the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. MS110128
Marine microbes provide an important resource to discover new chemical compounds with biological activities beneficial to drug discovery. In our study, two new polyene macrolides, pyranpolyenolides A (1) and B (2), and one new natural cyclic peptide (9), together with two known polyenes (7 and 8) and three known cyclic peptides (10-12), were isolated from a culture of the marine Streptomyces sp. MS110128. In addition, four new polyene macrolides, pyranpolyenolides C-F (3-6), were identified as olefin geometric isomers that were most likely produced by photochemical conversion during the cultivation or isolation procedures. The pyranpolyenolides are 32-membered macrolides endowed with a conjugated tetraene and several pairs of 1,3-dihydroxyl groups. Pyranpolyenolides that contain a hydropyran group have not been previously reported. Four cyclic peptides (9-12) showed significant activities against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus with supporting MIC values ranging from 0.025 to 1.25 mu g/mL. These cyclic peptides containing piperazic moieties showed moderate activities with MIC values of 12.5 mu g/mL against Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), an attenuated form of the bovine. Additionally, cyclic peptide 12 showed moderate antifungal activity against Candida albicans with an MIC value of 12.5 mu g/mL.