Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.14-15, 5739-5749, 2021
Microbial application of thermophilic Thermoanaerobacterium species in lignocellulosic biorefinery
Recently, thermophilic Thermoanaerobacterium species have attracted increasing attentions in consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), which can directly utilize lignocellulosic materials for biofuels production. Compared to the mesophilic process, thermophilic process shows greater prospects in CBP due to its relatively highly efficiency of lignocellulose degradation. In addition, thermophilic conditions can avoid microbial contamination, reduce the cooling costs, and further facilitate the downstream product recovery. However, only few reviews specifically focused on the microbial applications of thermophilic Thermoanaerobacterium species in lignocellulosic biorefinery. Accordingly, this review will comprehensively summarize the recent advances of Thermoanaerobacterium species in lignocellulosic biorefinery, including their secreted xylanases and bioenergy production. Furthermore, the co-culture can significantly reduce the metabolic burden and achieve the more complex work, which will be discussed as the further perspectives.