Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.14-15, 5905-5914, 2021
Identification of the cognate response regulator of the orphan histidine kinase OhkA involved in both secondary metabolism and morphological differentiation in Streptomyces coelicolor
In the model actinomycete strain, Streptomyces coelicolor, an orphan histidine kinase (HK) named OhkA (encoded by SCO1596), which belongs to bacterial two-component regulatory systems (TCSs), has been identified as being involved in the regulation of both antibiotic biosynthesis and morphological development. However, its cognate response regulator (RR) remains unknown due to its isolated genetic location on the genome, which impedes the elucidation of the mechanism underlying OhkA-mediated regulation. Here, we identified the orphan RR OrrA (encoded by SCO3008) as the cognate RR of OhkA according to mutant phenotypic changes, transcriptomics analysis, and bacterial two-hybrid experiment. Considering that the partner RR of the orphan HK is also orphan, a library of mutants with in-frame individual deletion of these functionally unknown orphan RR-encoding genes were generated. Through phenotypic analysis, it was found that the increment orrA mutant exhibited similar phenotypic changes as that of the increment ohkA mutant, showing increased production of actinorhodin (ACT) and undecylprodigiosin (RED), and pink colony surface. Further transcriptomics analysis showed these two mutants exhibited highly similar transcriptomics profiles. Finally, the direct interaction between OhkA and OrrA was revealed by bacterial two-hybrid system. The identification of the partner RR of OhkA lays a good foundation for an in-depth elucidation of the molecular mechanism underlying OhkA-mediated regulation of development and antibiotic biosynthesis in Streptomyces.