Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.18, 6719-6733, 2021
A novel amylolytic/xylanolytic/cellulolytic multienzyme complex from Clostridium manihotivorum that hydrolyzes polysaccharides in cassava pulp
Some anaerobic bacteria, particularly Clostridium species, produce extracellular cellulolytic and xylanolytic enzymes as multienzyme complexes (MECs). However, an amylolytic/xylanolytic/cellulolytic multienzyme complex (AXC-MEC) from anaerobic bacteria is rarely found. In this work, the glycoprotein AXC-MEC, composed of subunits of amylolytic, xylanolytic, and cellulolytic enzymes, was isolated from crude extracellular enzyme of the mesophilic anaerobic bacterium Clostridium manihotivorum CT4, grown on cassava pulp, using a milled cassava pulp column and Sephacryl S-500 gel filtration chromatography. The isolated AXC-MEC showed a single band upon native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native-PAGE). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed at least eight protein bands of the multienzyme complex which predominantly exhibited amylolytic enzyme activity, followed by xylanolytic and cellulolytic enzyme activities. The AXC-MEC is highly capable of degrading starch and non-starch polysaccharides present in cassava pulp into glucose and oligosaccharides, without conventional pretreatment. Base on the genomic analysis of C. manihotivorum CT4, we found no evidence of the known structural components of the well-known multienzyme complexes from Clostridium species, cellulosomes such as scaffoldin, cohesin, and dockerin, indicating that AXC-MEC from strain CT4 exhibit a different manner of assembly from the cellulosomes. These results suggest that AXC-MEC from C. manihotivorum CT4 is a new MEC capable of hydrolyzing cassava pulp into value-added products, which will benefit the starch industry.