화학공학소재연구정보센터
Separation Science and Technology, Vol.55, No.3, 590-600, 2020
Novel thin-film composite forward osmosis membrane using polyethylenimine and its impact on membrane performance
Polyethylenimine (PEI), a cationic, hydrophilic flexible polymer has been incorporated into the polyamide (PA) skin layer through an interfacial polymerization (IP) reaction. The modified thin-film composite (TFC) membranes display improved forward osmosis performance: enhancement in water permeability and antifouling characteristics. The incorporation of PEI into the skin layer has been evidenced by different characterization techniques; FTIR for modification of surface functionalities, zeta potential for surface charge, water contact angle for hydrophilicity of the surface, SEM and AFM for surface morphologies including surface roughness, XPS for surface attachment of heteroatoms and their relative composition. PEI was found to induce a positive zeta potential, high degree of hydrophilicity and high factional free volume into the active skin layer. The increase in the relative composition of PEI in the active skin layer was found to decrease the surface roughness and the skin layer thickness. An optimized PEI composition showed significantly enhanced water permeability, salt rejection and fouling resistance in FO and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) mode.