Renewable Energy, Vol.163, 154-171, 2021
Performance study of multi-source driving yaw system for aiding yaw control of wind turbines
Multi-source driving (MSD) yaw system is widely used in large-scale wind turbines. However, due to the complex coupling effect of mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic, there is a knowledge gap on the dynamic process of the MSD yaw system. To fill this gap, a dynamic coupling model of the MSD yaw system is established. In this model, multi-way power source subsystems, transmission gearbox subsystems, and hydraulic brake subsystems are established, and the coupling of multi-way yaw subsystems are realized. Based on this model, different yaw angle control modes are studied, including comparison control and servo control. To further reflect the dynamic process in-service condition, the MSD yaw system model is integrated into a wind turbine model. An approximate solution for calculating yaw load is also presented. Through this study, the results show the established MSD yaw system model can work effectively. The difference of gear meshing gaps directly affects the distribution of yaw load. The dynamic response of the yaw system, including yaw position, yaw speed, and yaw acceleration, is affected by the changing amplitude and frequency of yaw load, but the large inertia of yaw system can restrain the fluctuation of yaw dynamic response to some extent. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.