Renewable Energy, Vol.169, 953-969, 2021
Leading edge erosion of wind turbine blades: Understanding, prevention and protection
Surface erosion of wind turbine blades is one of rather critical problems of the wind energy development. In this overview paper, recent studies in the mechanisms, modelling and possibilities of preventing the surface erosion of wind turbine blades are discussed. Latest research in the area of leading edge erosion (LEE) from different viewpoints, based on meteorology, aerodynamics, materials science, computational mechanics are summarized. Technologies of experimental testing of anti-erosion coatings, effect of leading edge erosion on aerodynamics of wind turbines, roughness and its evolution are discussed, as well as meteorological aspects, parameters and characteristics of precipitation, possibilities of prediction of rain and hail and regional differences. Further, computational models of LEE and directions of the development of anti-erosion coatings are presented. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.