화학공학소재연구정보센터
Renewable Energy, Vol.170, 714-723, 2021
High efficient ethanol production from corn stover by modified mild alkaline pretreatment
Sodium carbonate pretreatment, an environmentally-friendly and efficient pretreatment, was used to improve solid-state ethanol production from corn stover (CS). To further enhance ethanol yield from the pretreated CS, especially at low enzyme loadings, a combined pretreatment, including steam and sodium carbonate pretreatments, was developed. The removal/modification of lignin by sodium carbonate pretreatment (at 100 degrees C for 3 h) helped to obtain high ethanol titer at high solids and low enzymes loadings. The maximum ethanol concentration was about 44 g/L, obtained after 72 h simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of CS pretreated with sodium carbonate without mixing and prehydrolysis at 30% solid and 15 FPU/g enzyme loadings. Applying prehydrolysis and increasing the SSF time to 120 h improved ethanol concentration to 59 and 67 g/L, respectively. Steam pretreatment at 190 degrees C for 10 min before sodium carbonate pretreatment led to 76% increase in ethanol concentration. At the enzyme loading of only 5 FPU/g substrate, the modified pretreatment increased the ethanol concentration from 24 g/L to 41 g/L, compared with that of sodium carbonate pretreatment. The results showed that hemicellulose removal and delignification by steam and sodium carbonate pretreatment, respectively, considerably improved ethanol concentration at high solids and low enzyme loadings. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.