Propellants Explosives Pyrotechnics, Vol.45, No.10, 1566-1572, 2020
Influence of Different Gases on the Performance of Gas-Storage Glass Microballoons in Emulsion Explosives
A new type of emulsion explosive sensitized by hydrogen-storage has been invented previously. To better understand the role of hydrogen in emulsion explosives, the detonation experiments with different gas storage were conducted. Several gases, such as helium, oxygen, and nitrogen, were taken into account. Brisance tests, detonation velocity tests, and underwater detonation experiments showed that the high-pressure hydrogen can improve the power and energy of emulsion explosive. The adiabatic compression of different gases was calculated. The pressure and temperature of the gas in GMs were obtained. Hydrogen has better compression performance than the other gases. Combining experiments and theoretical calculations can obtain that, hydrogen plays an important role in hot spots formation rate and emulsion explosive energy, and nitrogen and oxygen have little contribution to the energy of emulsion explosive, while helium is difficult to store in GMs and has a negative influence on the performance of emulsion explosive.