화학공학소재연구정보센터
Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol.143, 36-44, 2020
The use of artificial intelligence models in the prediction of optimum operational conditions for the treatment of dye wastewaters with similar structural characteristics
This work assesses the effectiveness of an artificial intelligence (AI) model based on an artificial neural networks (ANN) - genetic algorithm (GA) in the prediction of the behavior and optimization of the treatment of sulfate wastewaters with Bromophenol blue dye using an electro-oxidation (EO) process. Trials were made with a filter press-type reactor with a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The ANN model was trained with 51 electrolytic experiments by using the electrolysis time, flow, current density, pH and dye concentration as input variables and the discoloration efficiency as the output one. The performance of ANN was measured with RMSE and MAPE values of 10.73 % and 8.81 %, respectively, calculated from real and predicted values. Optimum conditions determined by GA were reached for the inputs of 10 min, 11.9 L min(-1), 31.25 mA cm(-2), 2.8 and 41.25 mgL(-1), giving a discoloration efficiency of 88.8 0.3 %, close to 95.5 % predicted by the model. To validate the AI model, the same experimental conditions were applied to treat wastewaters with Bromothymol blue and Thymol blue, with analogous structures to Bromophenol blue, and a mixture of the three dyes by EO. In all cases, the loss of color decayed following a pseudo-first-order kinetics, with similar apparent rate constants. For the dye mixture, 69 % COD was reduced at 60 min, with 13 % average current efficiency and 0.26 kW h (g COD)(-1) energy consumption. The AI model is a strong tool to design, control and operate the EO process with a BDD anode to treat wastewaters with similar dyes. (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.