Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol.146, 763-769, 2021
Exploring the role of sulfuric acid aerosol in corona discharge through a honeycomb wet electrostatic precipitator
The high emission of SO3 or sulfuric acid aerosol became a new environmental issue and has attracted international concerns. The sulfuric acid aerosol could be removed through droplet charging and transportation in the electric field. However, the charged droplets also have a converse effect on the electrostatic field. In this study, a novel-designed current measurement system contained 171 probes was designed to automatically scan and record the current density distribution along the airflow direction. Results show that the average current density was reduced by 31.3 % when SO3 concentration was increased from 0 to 53.6 mg/m(3), and the current density of the first electrode was only accounted for 11.3 % of the original current. A higher corona onset voltage was required to ionize the flue gas because of a reverse electric field formed by the charged droplets. The current density was also decreased with the flue gas velocity under the SO3 presence condition. When the flue gas velocity reached 4 m/s, the corona suppression was severe and the inflection point was no longer obvious. The region that the relative current density below 0.6 was comprised 70 %. The current density could be enhanced by increasing the spike length and decreasing the spike spacing. The larger the corona current of the discharge electrode, the less the effect of the particle space-charge. Meanwhile, some suggestions for relieving corona suppression by enhancing the corona discharge at the inlet and promoting the droplet growth were proposed. (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.