Process Biochemistry, Vol.98, 262-268, 2020
Genosensor for rapid, sensitive, specific point-of-care detection of H1N1 influenza (swine flu)
A 5' amine group-linked haemagglutinin (HA) gene-specific probe was attached over the surface of a working electrode to develop a rapid, specific, and sensitive point of care detection assay for H1N1 (swine flu) in human respiratory nasal swabs. The probe was attached with a cysteine covered screen-printed gold electrode via 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS). The electrochemical assay was performed using differential pulse voltammetry with the use of the redox indicator methylene blue for the detection of different concentrations of the single-stranded viral genome. The developed genosensor showed high sensitivity for H1N1 influenza virus with a detection limit of 0.002 ng/6 mu L of viral nucleic acid in the sample. Samples were analysed by quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction as well as by conventional PCR. The genosensor showed high specificity, as no cross-reaction was observed with the hetemlogous nucleic acid of different pathogens (Salmonella typhi, Neisseria meningitides, and Streptococcus pyogenes) and human DNA, and it was specific for H1N1 with a sensitivity of similar to 49 mu A cm(-2) ng(-1). Genosensor is based on a very simple methodology that can be followed based on its easy-to-access approach. It is quick and could be used as a point-of-care test for the detection of influenza virus within 30 min.