Process Biochemistry, Vol.98, 254-261, 2020
Synergistically fabricated polymeric nanoparticles featuring dual drug delivery system to enhance the nursing care of cervical cancer
We have developed a new methodology to attain treatment-actuated modifications in a tumor microenvironment by utilizing synergistic activity between two potential anticancer drugs. Dual drug delivery of curcumin (CUR) and 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN38) exhibits a great anti-cancer potential, as CUR enhances the effect of SN38 treatment of human cervical cells by providing microenvironment stability. However, encapsulation of CUR and SN38 obsessed by polyethylene glycol (PEG) and poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)-based nanoparticles (NPs) is incompetent owing to unsuitability between the binary free CUR and SN38 moieties and the polymeric system. Now, we display that SN38 can be prepared by hydrophobic covering of the drug centers with dioleoylphosphatidic acid (DOPA). The DOPA-covered SN38 can be co-encapsulated in PEG-PLGA NPs alongside CUR to stimulate excellent anticancer property. The occurrence of the SN38 suggestively enhanced the encapsulations of CUR into PEG-PLGA NPs (CUR-SN38 NPs). Formation of the nanocomposite (CUR-SN38 NPs) was confirmed by FTIR and X-ray spectroscopic techniques. Further, the morphology of CUR NPs, SN39 NPs, and CUR-SN38 NPs and nanoparticle size was examined by transmission microscopy (TEM), respectively. Furthermore CUR-SN38 NPs induced significant apoptosis in human cervical HeLa cancer cells in vitro. The morphological observation and apoptosis were confirmed by the various biochemical assayes such as acridine orange-ethidium bromide (AO-EB), Nuclear Staining and Annexin V-FITC). The results suggest that CUR-SN38 NPs are one of the promising nursing cares for human cervical cancer therapeutic candidates worthy of further investigations.