Powder Technology, Vol.379, 296-306, 2021
Impact dynamics of wet agglomerates onto rigid surfaces
The impact of agglomerates on solid surfaces occurs inevitably during the processing of granular materials. In this work, numerical simulations of the surface impact of wet agglomerates are carried out by introducing liquid bridge interactions into a soft-sphere DEM model, and the instantaneous impact behaviors are discussed quantitatively at the single particle scale. Results indicate that the impact process usually includes four stages, i.e., compression, expansion, fragmentation, and re-agglomeration. The expanding radius is found to follow an exponential-law with time, and the number of fragments follows a power-law with impact velocity. Due to liquid bridge interactions, chain-like structures are observed beyond the impact, similar to those formed during the impact of dense suspension droplets. Moreover, the impact behaviors can be generally classified into four groups with respect to impact velocity, i.e., minor compression without splashing, severe compression with minor splashing, severe splashing with minor fragmentation, and severe fragmentation. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.