Powder Technology, Vol.381, 1-16, 2021
Microencapsulation of zinc by spray-drying: Characterisation and fortification
Zinc sulphate heptahydrate was microencapsulated by spray-drying using maltodextrin, HI-CAP (R) 100 and whey protein isolate as wall materials. Spray-drying conditions were optimised using Taguchi orthogonal array design with encapsulation efficiency and bulk density as responses. The influences of wall material, wall material to zinc ratio and inlet air temperature were evaluated. Microcapsules prepared with HI-CAP (R) 100 in 20:1 loading ratio at 185 degrees C had maximum encapsulation efficiency (92.65%), whereas 10:1 ratio yielded maximum bulk density (541.2 kg/m(3)). SEM micrographs revealed the spherical structure of microcapsules, while EDX confirmed the presence of zinc in the microcapsules. SEM micrographs, FTIR and XRD analyses showed that zinc was successfully encapsulated as microcapsules. The tapped, bulk and particle densities of zinc microcapsules were in the range of 586.15-698.15, 437.40-541.20 and 1263.25-1436.50 kg/m(3), respectively, while flowability was 'fair' to 'passable'. The adsorption isotherm of microcapsules was sigmoidal, and was described by GAB model. Fortification of milk with zinc microcapsules did not affect its inherent organoleptic qualities. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.