화학공학소재연구정보센터
Nature Nanotechnology, Vol.16, No.2, 181-+, 2021
Structural and dynamics analysis of intrinsically disordered proteins by high-speed atomic force microscopy
High-speed AFM imaging enables a semiquantitative, realistic description of the dynamic structure of intrinsically disordered proteins. Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are ubiquitous proteins that are disordered entirely or partly and play important roles in diverse biological phenomena. Their structure dynamically samples a multitude of conformational states, thus rendering their structural analysis very difficult. Here we explore the potential of high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) for characterizing the structure and dynamics of IDPs. Successive HS-AFM images of an IDP molecule can not only identify constantly folded and constantly disordered regions in the molecule, but can also document disorder-to-order transitions. Moreover, the number of amino acids contained in these disordered regions can be roughly estimated, enabling a semiquantitative, realistic description of the dynamic structure of IDPs.