Langmuir, Vol.36, No.45, 13649-13655, 2020
Davydov Split Aggregates of Cyanine Dyes on Self-Assembled Nanotubes
The Davydov splitting of dye aggregates represents unique molecular excitons. In this paper, we report the formation of Davydov split aggregates of 3,3'-diethylthiacarbocyanine iodide (DiSC(2) (3)) and 3,3'-diethylthiadicarbocyanine iodide (DiSC(2) (5)) templated by the helical nanotubes of lithocholic acid (LCA). The templated Davydiv split aggregates show a strong J-band and a weak H-band in the adsorption spectra. As the LCA helical nanotubes transform into a straight shape, the relative intensities of the J-band and the H-band of the templated Davydov split aggregates become roughly equal. The twisted angle change of the transition moment of DiSC(2) (3) and DiSC(2) (5) molecules in the templated Davydov split aggregates in response to the helical-to-straight shape transformation of LCA nanotubes is estimated. The templated Dvaydov split aggregates with well-defined shapes and molecular excitons are of interest for artificial light-harvesting and optoelectronic devices.