Langmuir, Vol.37, No.5, 1894-1901, 2021
Highly Efficient Ir-CoOx Hybrid Nanostructures for the Selective Hydrogenation of Furfural to Furfuryl Alcohol
Decoration of noble metals with transition-metal oxides has been intensively studied for heterogeneous catalysis. However, controllable syntheses of metal-metal oxide heterostructures are difficult, and elucidation of such interfaces is still challenging. In this work, supported IrCo alloy nanoparticles are transformed into supported Ir-CoOx close-contact nanostructures by in situ calcination and following selective reduction. Relative to Ir/Al2O3, Ir-CoOx/Al2O3 shows greatly enhanced activities for the hydrogenation of furfural derivatives to the corresponding furfuryl alcohol derivatives with more than 99% selectivity and demonstrates significantly improved activities and selectivity for hydrogenations of alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes to alpha,beta-unsaturated alcohols. The modification of Ir surfaces with CoOx prevents Ir nanoparticles from growing, achieving high thermal and catalytic stabilities. Theoretic calculation suggests that the better catalytic performance of Ir-CoOx/Al2O3 is ascribed to the Ir-CoOx interaction, which promotes the absorption of furfural as well as desorption of furfuryl alcohol, resulting in enhanced catalytic activities.