화학공학소재연구정보센터
Langmuir, Vol.37, No.7, 2532-2540, 2021
Droplet Characteristics at the Maximum Adhesion on Curved Surfaces
For applications involving droplet detachment from solid surfaces, it is vital to study the droplet characteristics (e.g., contact angle and base width) when the droplet is experiencing the maximum force that detaches the droplet (maximum adhesion state). Historically, such investigations were mainly conducted on flat two-dimensional surfaces and the characteristics on curved surfaces with the third dimension remain unknown. Thus, the generalized description of such characteristics has not been established yet. Here, by vertically pulling liquid droplets using a microbalance, we study the droplet characteristics at the maximum adhesion on curved homogeneous surfaces. Variables in this study include liquid surface tension, initial droplet base area, and the asymmetry in solid surface curvature. Results show that the contact angle is identical everywhere along the droplet perimeter on curved surfaces irrespective of the asymmetry in surface curvature. In addition, we found that the droplet base is nonaxisymmetric (not circular) at the maximum adhesion, opposing previous understanding that was formulated for flat surfaces. As a result, we propose a more generalized and quantitative description of the droplet characteristics at the maximum adhesion, derived from the component of the surface tension force acting along the droplet perimeter.