Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.143, No.3, 1284-1289, 2021
Nanoscale Metal-Organic Layers Detect Mitochondrial Dysregulation and Chemoresistance via Ratiometric Sensing of Glutathione and pH
Mitochondrial dysregulation controls cell death and survival by changing endogenous molecule concentrations and ion flows across the membrane. Here, we report the design of a triply emissive nanoscale metal-organic layer (nMOL), NA @Zr-BTB/F/R, for sensing mitochondrial dysregulation. Zr-BTB nMOL containing Zr-6 secondary building units (SBUs) and 2,4,6-tris(4-carboxyphenyl)aniline (BTB-NH2) ligands was postsynthetically functionalized to afford NA@Zr-BTB/F/R by exchanging formate capping groups on the SBUs with glutathione(GSH)-selective (2E)-1-(2'-naphthyl)-3-(4-carboxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one (NA) and covalent conjugation of pH-sensitive fluorescein (F) and GSH/pH-independent rhodamine-B (R) to the BTB-NH2 ligands. Cell imaging demonstrated NA@Zr-BTB/F/R as a ratiometric sensor for mitochondrial dysregulation and chemotherapy resistance via GSH and pH sensing.